Banish those bad skin days
Everyone wants to have younger looking skin. Unfortunately, even the most effective face creams can't turn back the years, despite 'reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles'
There are a number of things that determine how quickly our skin ages, including genetic factors such as your natural skin type, environmental factors such as exposure to sunlight and external factors such as whether or not you smoke.
In general, pale skins wrinkle faster than darker skins that are protected by increased amounts of pigment and lipids.
Age is another vital factor: your skin is very different at 20 to how it is at 70.
Your 20s is a great time for your skin. You've left behind the spots of adolescence, but your skin retains a youthful glow and the epidermis is still plump and dewy.
That said, skin cell renewal plummets by up to 28 per cent. Dead skin cells are shed less well, leading to slightly duller-looking skin.
My Tip; Wear a spf Spring, Summer Autumn Winter.
Your 30s skin cell renewal slows further, while damage from pollution, smoke and sunlight begins to take its toll on the dermis. This causes collagen fibres to loosen so the skin starts to sag.
When you smile, subcutaneous fat forms ridges that refuse to bounce back as readily as they once did. Your first wrinkles may start to appear.
My Tip. Use a vitamin-packed night cream. Research indicates that the temperature of skin rises at night, so nutrients are better absorbed.
Your 40s. Sebum (oil) production plummets in your 40s, which is great if you have oily skin, but also means you'll need a good moisturiser to replenish moisture loss. Even so, avoid petroleum-based products that clog the pores.
Loss of fat in the subcutaneous layer leaves your skin more fragile, and the dermis continues to lose its elasticity.
The stratum corneum starts to become even thicker, because dead skin cells hang around for longer.
My Tip; Exfoliation. Do mild chemical peels and IPL laser therapy
Your 50s and upwards. Pigment cells (melamolytes), though fewer in number, often clump together to form brown age spots.
Sebum (oil) production shrinks further, the stratum corneum continues to thicken and collagen gets more fibrous.
Decreased oestrogen levels after the menopause mean that skin loses its plumpness and tone, which can leave it dry, itchy and more sensitive to allergens.
Mature skin is not only more fragile, it's physically less sensitive too, and so more vulnerable to bruising and tearing. On top of this, it takes far longer to heal itself.
Blood vessels are easily broken, and warts and other skin growths become more prevalent in your 50s.
My Tip; Use a good moisturiser with a built-in SPF, and keep out of the sun. Invest in Ipl laser for facial rejuvenation, broken facial veins, sun spots, age spots and pigmentation.